Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the long-time standard for creating web pages. That grew into the eXtensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML). The newest draft is HTML5 – some people like to drop the 5; but many like to distinguish from old and new. It is like when our Business Computer Programming became Microcomputer Information Technology. That was important because we were trying to differentiate from a mainframe-based curriculum to one of microcomputers (does anyone still call them that?). Because PCs are no longer the “new” thing, we dropped the “Micro” and became Information Technology. I think the same will happen with HTML/HTML5.
I was teaching classes that used gopher, usenet, and telenet — before the graphical browsers. AOL, CompuServe, and Prodigy were the three big players that brought the GUI browsers to the public. Yes, I did use Mosaic, Netscape, and now use mainly Firefox (sometimes Chrome) — IE, only if nothing else works (or for Microsoft sites).
It is important to keep current with what is happening in the IT area, and Web Development is no exception. The W3C is a good site to monitor about what is going on with the standards. One of the big topics is Universal Access — Section 508 of the Federal rehabilitation Act makes us very aware that we need to keep accessibility in mind in our web page design.
No matter how a website looks — people come to it for good, reliable, accurate information.CONTENT IS KING! But, good design is very important, too. It is especially important to be able to find the content you are looking for.
“I need a picture of the knee to put in my Anatomy and Physiology report. I’ll just right-click it, save image as,…there! I’ve got it!” WRONG — unless the content-creator and owner has given you permission — you are not allowed to do that without correctly citing the work and following copyright law. Creative Commons was developed for the kind of sharing that the web encourages.
The internet does not exist with webpages alone, but a huge computer network is involved. This network consists of computers, storage devices, routers, switches, etc. The connection of your computer through its browser to another computer on the internet is called the client-server model. The server has information that is transferred and interpreted by your browser to display web pages.